"The H/ACA RNP assembly factor SHQ1 functions as an RNA mimic."

Walbott H, Machado-Pinilla R, Liger D, Blaud M, Rety S, Grozdanov PN, Godin K, van Tilbeurgh H, Varani G, Meier UT, Leulliot N...

Published 2011-11-15 in Genes Dev volume 25 .

Pubmed ID: 22085966
DOI identifier: -

SHQ1 is an essential assembly factor for H/ACA ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) required for ribosome biogenesis, pre-mRNA splicing, and telomere maintenance. SHQ1 binds dyskerin/NAP57, the catalytic subunit of human H/ACA RNPs, and this interaction is modulated by mutations causing X-linked dyskeratosis congenita. We report the crystal structure of the C-terminal domain of yeast SHQ1, Shq1p, and its complex with yeast dyskerin/NAP57, Cbf5p, lacking its catalytic domain. The C-terminal domain of Shq1p interacts with the RNA-binding domain of Cbf5p and, through structural mimicry, uses the RNA-protein-binding sites to achieve a specific protein-protein interface. We propose that Shq1p operates as a Cbf5p chaperone during RNP assembly by acting as an RNA placeholder, thereby preventing Cbf5p from nonspecific RNA binding before association with an H/ACA RNA and the other core RNP proteins.

Last modification of this entry: Sept. 6, 2012